Knee Kinematics of High-Flexion Activities of Daily Living Performed by Male Muslims in the Middle East
Stacey M. Acker, PhD,* Robert A. Cockburn, BSc Eng,* Janet Krevolin, PhD,* Rebecca M. Li, BSc Eng,* Samih Tarabichi, MD,y and Urs P. Wyss, PhDz
Full flexion is critical for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients in the Middle East, where daily activities require a high range of motion in the lower limb. This study aimed to increase understanding of the knee kinematics of normal Muslim subjects during high-flexion activities of daily living, such as kneeling, Muslim prayer, sitting cross-legged, and squatting. The early postoperative kinematics for a select group of Muslim, high-flexion TKA patients are also reported. Mean curves were compared between the normal group and the TKA group. During kneeling, the average maximum flexion was 141.6° for the normal group and 140.2° for the TKA group. The normal group’s maximum and minimum knee angles (flexion, abduction, external rotation) were reported and, with the exception of maximum extension, were not significantly different from the TKA group, despite short postoperative times. Keywords: total knee arthroplasty, knee kinematics, high-flexion activities.